ceist

Ciamar a chanas mi.... / How do I say...
bodach
Posts: 18
Joined: Mon Mar 21, 2016 12:31 pm
Language Level: beginner level -- I know a smattering
Corrections: Please correct my grammar
Location: BARNSTAPLE, UK

ceist

Unread post by bodach » Mon Mar 28, 2016 6:34 am

Tha mi ag ionnsachadh leis Beag air Bheag.
Aonad 5, Transcript 1
Can Iaian 'Am fosgail mi an uinneag?'
Can Eilidh 'Fosglaidh', ... 'Fosgail an uinneag'
Carson 'fosglaidh'?
Agus 'Dà seòmraichean', ach 'Cia mheud seòmar ... ?'
Carson an cumadh singilte?
Bidh mi tangeil do gin cuideachadh.
Gin ceartachadh fàilte.

I am learning with Little by Little.
Unit 5, Transcript 1
John says 'Shall I open the window?'
Eilidh says 'Close it', ... but then uses a different word.
Why 'fosglaidh'?
And 'Two rooms', but 'How many room?'
Why the singular form?
I will be grateful for any help.
Any corrections welcome.



GunChleoc
Rianaire
Posts: 4473
Joined: Mon Sep 17, 2007 11:26 am
Language Level: Mion-chùiseach
Corrections: Please correct my grammar
Location: Dùthaich mo chridhe
Contact:

Re: ceist

Unread post by GunChleoc » Mon Mar 28, 2016 2:53 pm

Gaelic has no words for "yes" and "no", so what you do is repeat the verb in the question in its positive/negative form: Am fosgail...? - Fosglaidh!/- Chan fhosgail!

Both "dà" and "Cia mheud" are followed by the singular. The reason is historical: used to have a special dual form, and we still see some vestiges of it (the lenition, and in formal speech, feminine words will also be slenderised). Cia mheud: meud is a noun, and the last noun in a string of nouns is always put in the genitive case. Since historically the genitive plural looked a lot like the basic singular form, it got replaced by the singular here. Same for big number words like fichead, which are also followed by the singular. Confused yet? :spors:
Oileanach chànan chuthachail
Na dealbhan agam

bodach
Posts: 18
Joined: Mon Mar 21, 2016 12:31 pm
Language Level: beginner level -- I know a smattering
Corrections: Please correct my grammar
Location: BARNSTAPLE, UK

Re: ceist

Unread post by bodach » Mon Mar 28, 2016 8:08 pm

Tapadh leat a-righist, a GhunChleoc. Tha thu glè carthannach. Bha an ceist leis 'fosglaidh' -- carson cha 'fosgail'? Tha an mineachadh gu dà agus cia glè inntinneach.

Níall Beag
Rianaire
Posts: 1371
Joined: Sun Sep 23, 2007 6:58 pm
Language Level: Fluent (non-native)
Corrections: I'm fine either way
Location: Sruighlea, Alba
Contact:

Re: ceist

Unread post by Níall Beag » Tue Mar 29, 2016 4:07 pm

bodach wrote: Bha an ceist leis 'fosglaidh' -- carson cha 'fosgail'?
Because the person is answering the question. "Fosglaidh" is positive future open, so "yes" in his instance. "Fosgail" on its own would be an order, not an answer.

GunChleoc
Rianaire
Posts: 4473
Joined: Mon Sep 17, 2007 11:26 am
Language Level: Mion-chùiseach
Corrections: Please correct my grammar
Location: Dùthaich mo chridhe
Contact:

Re: ceist

Unread post by GunChleoc » Tue Mar 29, 2016 4:10 pm

Gaelic is a "dependent-marking" language, this means that the form of the verb depends on what come before it.

I (will) open - Fosglaidh mi

Will / do I open...? - Am fosgail mi...?
Won't / Don't I open....? - Nach fosgail mi...?

Yes - Fosglaidh (as an answer to these questions)
No - Chan fhosgail (as an answer to these questions)
Oileanach chànan chuthachail
Na dealbhan agam

bodach
Posts: 18
Joined: Mon Mar 21, 2016 12:31 pm
Language Level: beginner level -- I know a smattering
Corrections: Please correct my grammar
Location: BARNSTAPLE, UK

Re: ceist

Unread post by bodach » Wed Mar 30, 2016 7:37 am

Tapadh leigh a Ghuncleoch agus a Nìall Beag. :D

Post Reply